Causes and risks for heartburn problems
While a weak or abnormally relaxed oesophageal sphincter is the main cause of heartburn, we don’t always know why it becomes weakened or relaxed.1
When we eat a large meal, our sphincter muscles could stretch or become weakened. Similarly, bending over or lying down may increase the pressure on the sphincter, causing it to relax.1
Other things seem to increase the risk of heartburn problems without necessarily affecting the sphincter itself, so it’s a good idea to avoid them.
Heartburn symptoms and problems
Most of us have experienced heartburn – that burning sensation in the chest – at some point in our lives. This is because it is the most common symptom of an heartburn problem.1,2
Quite a lot of people suffer from heartburn at night, and around three out of every four of these people say it disrupts their sleep.3 Heartburn problems at night may be related to lifestyle factors.
Heartburn also commonly occurs during pregnancy. In fact, it is often seen as a completely normal part of being pregnant.4 Learn more about what you can do to manage heartburn during your pregnancy journey here.
If you experience severe or very frequent heartburn (2 or more times a week) and often have acid reflux, make an appointment with your doctor as this may indicate a more serious form of heartburn, called gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD).1,5
Do heartburn problems get worse with age?
Solutions for heartburn problems
Luckily, there are quite a few things you can do to get relief from heartburn symptoms such as antacids and medications that can reduce the symptoms quickly and some handy lifestyle tips that can help prevent or reduce the severity of heartburn problems.
Eno complements your body’s natural self defence mechanism to fight heartburn, acid indigestion or sour stomach. Eno acts where the acid attacks and gets to work in just 6 seconds.7 Read more about Eno and learn how it can help relieve your symptoms here.2
There are 3 main types of medications used to manage acidity symptoms:2
Most antacids are available straight from your pharmacy, but you may need a prescription for H2RAs or PPIs.
Please see your doctor if your symptoms worry you, or if you try any of these treatments and they don't work or you find that you need them on a regular basis. You may need to have some tests done to confirm the problem or your doctor may give you a prescription for a stronger medication.
There are also some changes you can make to your everyday life that can help prevent or reduce the severity of heartburn symptoms like heartburn:1,2,6
Where to find out more
One of the best places to start if your symptoms are not too severe is an antacid. One option could be Eno – you can find out about how Eno can help here.
Please remember to see your doctor if you have persistent or particularly severe symptoms.
- PubMed Health. Heartburn and GERD: Overview. Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care, November 2015. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0072438/
- Sandhu DS, Fass R. Current trends in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gut and Liver 2018; 12 (1): 7–16.
- Orr WC. Management of nighttime gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007; 3 (8): 605–606.
- Richter JE. Review article: the management of heartburn in pregnancy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005; 22 (9): 749–757.
- Mayo Clinic. Heartburn. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heartburn/symptoms-causes/syc-20373223
- Katz PO, Gerson LB, Vela MF. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2013; 108: 3: 308–328.
- A Comparison of the Effect of Regular ENO and Placebo on Intragastric pH inHealthy Fasted Subjects . Does not imply relief.